Humayun Tomb is the tomb of the famous Mughal Emperor Humayun who ruled India from 1530 to 1540 and again from 1955 to 1956. The tomb is located on the banks of River Yamuna which is nearby Nizamuddin Dargah. It is an important place in Delhi to worship the Sufi Saints in Delhi.
Humayun Tomb Nearest Metro Station
Humayun Tomb aka Humayun Ka Maqbara nearest metro station is Jawahar Lal Nehru (JLN) Stadium Metro Station
JLN Metro Station is located on Violet Line of Delhi Metro.
The total distance between JLN Metro and Humayun Tomb is approx 2.7 km if you travel by auto or cab. If you cover the distance by walking then It will be 2.0 km.
All you need to do is just exit form the metro station and take any auto or rickshaw or any can as per your convinience.
It will take a maximum of 8-10 minutes to reach Humayun Ka Maqbara.
Humayun’s Tomb History
Delhi is divided into two parts and they are named as New Delhi and Old Delhi. The New Delhi is the combination of modern and advanced technology and the lifestyle of the people is always updated. The Old Delhi is combination old culture and architecture. People staying in this region still follow the rules and regulation old times.
We all know that part of Delhi was ruled by the Mughal Empire and we can see the effect of the same in the Old Delhi. The people and the local artisans were very creative and talented during Mughal Era and that can be seen in the old monuments built during that time. The finest example of the Mughal architecture can be seen in the Agra city but some of the famous Mughal monuments are also located in Delhi. One of the famous monuments amongst all is the Humayun Tomb.
The tomb was built in the year 1565 which was after the death of the Emperor Humayun. It is located at the Lodhi road, near the crossing of Mathura Road. The architecture and designs used to build the Humayun Tomb got very famous which was later used in the construction of the most beautiful Mughal architecture which is the Tajmahal. Humayun Tomb was the first substantial example of the Mughal architecture and not a single monument can beat the same.
Constructed in the year 1565, it was constructed under the patronage of his son Emperor Akbar. The main role who played in the construction of Humayun tomb was the eldest wife of Emperor Humayun, Bega Begum. After his death, she left all her powers and status and took around 10 years to bring this to the world in loving memory of her husband. According to her, she thought to give a nice life to her husband after death so she built the tomb nearby Nizamuddin Dargah.
Architecture & Design
It is said that it is a privilege to get buried near the grave of the Sufi Saints. The architecture of the Humayun tomb is the combination of the India and Persia and due to this combination, the look of the monument came to be very unique.
The tomb is constructed on the square platform which is at some height. The monument is surrounded by garden-tombs like Nila Gumbad, Isa Khan, Bu Halima, Afsarwala and Barber’s Tomb. The Humayun Tomb is a mausoleum which is built on the platform with deep vaulted cells on four sides.
The monument is built using marbles and glazed ceramic tiles. The insides of the Humayun tomb are Octagonal in shape. It has vaulted roof compartments which are interconnected by galleries and corridors. This was the first tomb built in the Islamic world with the effect of Islam culture so the garden tomb of Humayun was a perfect example of Charbagh.
Charbagh means four quadrant gardens with the four rivers of Quranic paradise. This gives a perfect representation of the same. The entry and the exit of the monument are also very beautiful and it goes through the lofty gardens. The gardens in and around the monument are very well maintained. The internal structure of the tomb is built with the stones of red sandstones and the border of the same is given by white and black inlaid marbles.
The Humayun tomb is also known as the “Dormitory of the Mughals“. The reason it is termed so because over 150 Mughal families are buried here. It seems to be very dense and dangerous but as per the Islamic culture to have a grave near the grave of the Sufi Saint is very auspicious and the person who has lost the life leads a good life after death.
India: Rs. 10/- (15 years+)
Foreigners: Rs. 250/-
An UNESCO World Heritage Site
The Humayun tomb has been given place in the UNESCO Heritage site. The reason to get this position is the complete structure of the tomb. The other important thing about the Humayun tomb is that the whole inside walls of the monument are inscribed by the phrases which are done manually by the local workers. The importance of these write-ups is that they are the verses from the Islamic Quran. These verses were inscribed on the wall during the construction of the monument but even today it can be clearly read.
The tomb was built during Mughal Era but the Britishers also used the monument for their benefit as they captured the last Emperor of Mughal Empire Bahadur Shah II in the tomb. The person visiting Delhi should surely plan a trip to Humayun Tomb.